See the graphs in the slide show Life Expectancy in the U.S. and How It Compares to Other Countries from the Kaiser Family Foundation. The health disparities in the U.S. account for much of the low ranking seen in the slides.
The Minority Health Project to Eliminate Health Disparities of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill hosts their 2015 conference on February 13. Archived resources and videos from previous conferences are available.
A recent study published in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology reports that race, ethnicity and income are important contributors to the incidence of asthma. This differs from previous research that suggested that inner city characteristics were important contributors (including pollution, pest allergens, indoor smoke, and higher rates of premature birth).
Preventable Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke
From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Black women and men have a higher rate of preventable deaths by heart attack and stroke when compared to other population groups. The FDA has recently approved a blood test that “helps better predict future coronary heart disease risk…” according to a spokesperson for the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. The test is especially sensitive for black women.
Improving Population Health by Working with Communities – Action Guide (2014) is organized on the following topics:
- Self-Assessment of Readiness to Engage in this Work
- Organizational Planning and Priority-Setting
- Community Health Needs Assessment and Asset-Mapping
- Prioritized Set of Health Improvement Activities
- Measures and Performance Targets
- Strategic Communication
- Reporting Progress on Achieving Results
The document includes links to many community examples, tools and data sources.
Cervical cancer is preventable. In fact, screening and vaccination can prevent 93% of cervical cancers. Inadequate screening rates are especially troubling among older women (12.6 %), Asians/Pacific Islanders (19.7%), and American Indians/Alaska Natives (16.5%). The CDC provides screening guidelines for cervial cancer screening. Screening is available at no cost via the Affordable Care Act and the CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program.
The National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics 2014 Report, International Comparisons of Infant Mortality and Related Factors: United States and Europe, 2010 finds that the U.S. Infant Mortality rate is worse than 25 other developed nations. According to Dr. Deborah Campbell, a professor of clinical pediatrics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, “There is a well-delineated history of racial and ethnic disparities in maternal and infant outcomes in the U.S., with black women and their infants being at greatest risk and having the highest rates of poor outcomes”. See a summary at MedlinePlus.
A randomized controlled trial is underway to determine if improved coordination and support will improve outcomes and reduce health care costs for complex patients. Dr. Jeffrey Brenner is leading the effort.
- Clinical ideas & tools
- Concepts of culture
- Cultural events & celebrations
- Immigrants & refugees
- inequity & health disparities
- Integrative, Complementary & Alternative Medicine
- Limited english proficiency
- Native Americans
- Organizational ideas & tools
- Population-based ideas & tools
- Power, privilege, inequity & health disparities
- Self-assessment tools
- Spirituality & religion
- Understanding others