Identity is multi-factorial. How one sees oneself and one’s power and privilege is related to numerous cultural identities. Review the following model, ADDRESSING, which may assist you in understanding yourself and patients.
ADDRESSING: A model of cultural influences and their relationship to the social construct of power
|Cultural characteristic||Power||Less power|
|Age||Adults||Children, adolescents, elders|
|Disability||Temporarily able-bodied||Persons with disabilities|
|Religion||Christians||Jews, Muslims, other non-Christian|
|Ethnicity||Euro-American||People of Color|
|Social Class||Owning & Middle Class (access to higher ed.)||Poor & Working Class|
|Sexual Orientation||Heterosexuals||Gay men, Lesbians, Bisexuals|
|National Origin||U.S.born||Immigrants & Refugees|
|Gender||Male||Female, Transgendered, Intersexed|
Hays, P. A. (2001). Addressing Cultural Complexities in Practice: A Framework for Clinicians and Counselors. Washington, D. C. : American Psychological Association.